Where did Etosha National Park get its name
Animals at the Watering hole, Etosha

Etosha National Park covers 22-thousand square kilometres. Its name was derived from Etosha pan which is almost entirely within the park area.

Perhaps a little known fact is that its former name was Game Reserve no.2 but in 1967 with an act of parliament of the Republic of South Africa it was elevated to National Park status.

Situated in the Kunene region tempratures often sore to a scorching 34°C in the summer months.

Elephant under Mopane tree, reflected in water, water hole, Etosha National Park, Namibia
Elephant under Mopane tree, Etosha National Park, Namibia

Most of the park is savanna woodlands, except those areas close to the pan. Mopane is the most common tree at an estimated 80% of all the trees in the park, wherein the North-eastern corner of Etosha is dominated by Acacia and Terminalia trees. Grasslands dominate the area around the pan because of the sandy surroundings.

There is a variety of mammalian species (approx 100) with 340 bird species, 110 reptile species, 16 amphibian species and a single species of fish, but this goes up to 49 species during floods.

Unfortunately, large mammals like the elephant, rhinoceros and lions were nearly exterminated in the region around 1881. Due to the proclamation of the game reserve helped some of the animals recover, but some species such as buffalo and wild dogs have been extinct since the middle of the 20th century.

A-male-black-rhino
A male black rhino

Common mammals found today in the park are, Plains zebra, Elephant, Black Rhinoceros, Lion, Spotted hyena, Springbok, Blue wildebeest, Black-backed jackal, Black-eared jackal, Giraffe, Greater kudu and Black-faced Impala. With Cheetah, Dwarf mongoose, Ground pangolin, Common duiker being uncommon to find.

The diversity of birds in the park is quite incredible, with Lesser flamingos, White pelican, Ostrich, Blue crane, Marabou stork to name but a few found regularly.

Other highlights and points of interest in and around Etosha National park include but not limited to the Dolomite Camp build in 2010 and open to all tourists. Halali rest camp, opened in 1967, located midway between Okaukuejo and Namutoni. Namutoni is a former police and military station found in the eastern part of the park, with Fort Namutoni (which was rebuilt in 1957) served as a rest camp for visitors during winter.

There are about 30 places within Etosha National park that offer lodge and camp accommodation.

For a complete list of mammals, flora and fauna and their more recent status and images, please visit Wikipedia or do a quick search on Google.

https://www.etoshanationalpark.org/ offers a helpful travel guide. If you’re looking for more travel information and up to date scheduled guided packages visit. http://www.etoshanamibia.info/